Powerful Observatories Telescopes of the near future. Video.
As India launches its first space telescope, BBC News looks at some of the innovations getting astronomers excited. The world's current telescopes - both on the ground and in space - have expanded our understanding of the universe and provided some remarkable images of our own galaxy and beyond.
But over the next decade a new generation of incredibly powerful observatories are to be built which will allow us to study further into the universe and with far greater clarity.
Some of them are described on the BBC News video: